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Legal framework

Wildlife and tourism in Tajikistan

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Legal framework

Tajikistan has developed a National Strategy and Action Plan on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in accordance to the United Nations Convention on Biodiversity. This strategy and action plan was endorsed by the president, Emomali Rakhmon in 2003. By this document as well as other strategic documents the government and the whole society commit oneself to care for the survival of the country’s biodiversity and in particular the rare and endangered species. However, so far the sustainable use, especially of large ungulates for trophy hunting, is not yet considered in policies as a powerful incentive for these species and the ecosystems they are part of.


For fostering public dialogue on the policy concerning hunting on large mammals and in particular mountain ungulates the NGO “Nature Protection Team” with support by The Snow Leopard Conservancy (Link) in March 2008 conducted a first national round table, bringing together decision makers, specialists from nature conservation agencies, scientists from the Academy of Science and universities, managers of hunting enterprises and NGO representatives. The forum called for the application of approaches centring on sustainability and adequate benefit sharing letting local people profit from the use of the wildlife in their proximity. A second national round table was organized with support by GTZ in October 2009. In this consultative meeting again various stakeholders discussed the perspectives of sustainable use of mountain ungulates. Especially local private conservancies and community based NGOs reported the first time in public about their successes and challenges and get into open discussion with high ranking staff of the nature protection agencies, ministries and the parliament. The participants concluded the meeting with a joint resolution. Policy dialogue continues and in November 2016 the Commitee for Environmental Protection under the Government of Tajikistan together with GIZ, the Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), CIC, Panthera and Conservation Force hold another round table on hunting management to intensify political dialog between different stakeholders (Documentation in English and Russian). International experts from IUCN Species Survival Commission Caprinae Specialist Group, Montana State University on behalf of US Fish and Wildlife Service, UNEP, FAO and Torghar Conservation Programme (Pakistan) provided insisght on international guidelines, requirements and best practices. An excursion into the conservancy areas of "M-Sayod" and "Saidi Tagnob" provided the international guests with an impression of the work of family-run small enterprises on markhor conservation and its benefits for local rural development. The participants of this round table adopted a resolution (English, Russian and Tajik).

(c) Kh. Karimov

(c) Kh. Karimov

The Republic of Tajikistan has signed and ratified most of the international conventions relevant for the conservation of wildlife:

  • Convention on Biodiversity
  • Ramsar Convention on protection of internationally important wetlands
  • Convention on Migratory Species
  • Convention on Combating Desertification
  • Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES)

The national legal framework related to wildlife management includes the following most important laws:

The legislation in many aspects provides just a framework requiring specifications by bylaws.

Many of the current regulations have been outdated, overlapping, contradicting or were missing. A revision process was thus started by the Government of Tajikistan. By providing expertise and facilitating public discussion the project in cooperation with GIZ supported the review of the existing legal and regulatory framework, the elaboration of amendments to existing documents and the elaboration of new laws and bylaws.